Female Athlete Physiology

There is a difference in the physiology of women and men that many personal trainers ignore. The knowledge of female physiology provides a path for professionals to design programs suited for female athletes.

Here are a few examples:

Higher Fat Storage Mechanism

The female body naturally carries higher levels of fat for healthy operation. Female hormones such as estrogen play key roles in this process. In addition to the hormonal profile, the higher fat cells in the female body also provide unique challenges in fat accumulation.

The body of men and women produce estrogen. However, the female body produces large quantities which impact fat storage.


The female body produces testosterone at much lower levels than a male body. This cross-complaints an anabolic role in the body. Lowered testosterone levels create challenges in building muscle mass. Remain must work harder to build muscle mass than men. It is ironic that many women avoid weight-bearing exercises for fear of becoming too big.

That attitude keeps and away from the required intensity for both building muscle and retaining highborn density. Two items that become even more critical with the process of aging.

Menstrual Cycle

The physiological changes in a woman’s body during the menstrual cycle impact hormones as well as the tendons and muscles. The training regimen for the female body must consider the menstrual cycle. The intensity and duration of training must be modified considering nonzero, bloating, abdominal cramps, and perhaps irritability and depression.


Few things in life impact the female body like pregnancy. Incredible changes are necessary to bring your life into the world beyond the physical. A basic understanding of the biological changes women go through during each phase of pregnancy must be accounted for in the training regimen.

This is especially true considering the size of the individual and their health history. Appetite, for example, may change due to pregnancy itself thyroid function or some psychological and physiological changes.

Without the direct input of a competent health practitioner, any dietary changes may backfire. Effects of pregnancy do not end with childbirth. For example, lax ligaments will take time to return to normal. And if any surgery was required for the childbirth the recovery-like training must be carefully planned.

These are just a few differences between men and women. Trainers and female trainees need to become aware of these changes plan for them